Wastewater treatment projects are always challenging, but when upgrading of existing works is involved the challenge increases.
Seawater desalination technologies have evolved rapidly along with increasing water demands. Yet, the evolution of seawater desalination is threatened by the emerging issues of marine pollution, which are exacerbated by the unsustainable expansion of desalination itself. Unsustainable environmental activity in the coastal environment erodes the resource base on which desalination, and most of the so-called blue economy, depends. Therefore, resource-efficient, low-impact seawater desalination is a pressing need.
Earth observations and advanced related services produce a plethora of environmental and climate data. COPERNICUS is the European Union’s earth observation programme and through the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), it will provide valuable information to support a series of sectors, water management amongst them, under a changing future.
As the effects of climate change become more and more evident, European countries have begun designing national strategies and implementing their respective national adaptation plans, with priority in the sectors of health, agriculture, water resources and sea level rise. As experience of the potential for adaptation to climate change grows, the difficulties of institutionalizing climate change adaptation are recognized.