Physical processes, manmade interventions, miss planed coastal works and climate change have augmented costal erosion along the Corinthian Gulf and have given rise to numerous erosion-related problems in the area.
Our freshwater resources are limited and face increasing pressures from climate variability, pollution, population growth, and competition from many uses. As water management operations are growing in importance and complexity, challenges regarding regulatory compliance, risk management, cost optimization and sustainability of water services foster the need and demand for application of innovative water resources management solutions.
Seawater desalination technologies have evolved rapidly along with increasing water demands. Yet, the evolution of seawater desalination is threatened by the emerging issues of marine pollution, which are exacerbated by the unsustainable expansion of desalination itself. Unsustainable environmental activity in the coastal environment erodes the resource base on which desalination, and most of the so-called blue economy, depends. Therefore, resource-efficient, low-impact seawater desalination is a pressing need.
As the effects of climate change become more and more evident, European countries have begun designing national strategies and implementing their respective national adaptation plans, with priority in the sectors of health, agriculture, water resources and sea level rise. As experience of the potential for adaptation to climate change grows, the difficulties of institutionalizing climate change adaptation are recognized.