Water is cutting across multiple societal sectors and technology innovation is recognized as the key means to address our increasingly complex and multidisciplinary water challenges and put us on a more sustainable path while supporting economic growth. Space technology can be a catalyst to promote and support technology innovation to protect and ensure the sustainability of water resources by sustaining an environmental information and services value chain.
Earth observations and advanced related services produce a plethora of environmental and climate data. COPERNICUS is the European Union’s earth observation programme and through the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), it will provide valuable information to support a series of sectors, water management amongst them, under a changing future.
Water information is highly sought after by many kinds of end-users, both within government and business as well as within civil society. Water touches virtually all societal and environmental domains and the knowledge domain is largely multidisciplinary.
Gaseous emissions are emitted from various stages of treatment in a WWTP. Currently, in developed countries the energy required for wastewater treatment accounts for approximately 3% of the total electrical load.
The Asopos River Basin is located at the centre of Greece, at the River Basin District of Eastern Sterea Ellada, has an area of approximately 1100 km2. It experiences significant pollution problems that threaten both surface and groundwater bodies.
European Water Policy has undergone a thorough restructuring process, and the Water Framework Directive adopted in 2000 serves as the operational tool, setting the objectives for water protection for the future.
Wastewater treatment projects are always challenging, but when upgrading of existing works is involved the challenge increases.
Wastewater management in Greece is being regulated by the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (UWWTD).
The main objective of the project overall is related to the provision of safe, high quality water to the citizens and tourists of the cities of Heraklio, Chersonissos and Agios Nikolaos. Surface water from the Aposelemis dam is collected and transferred to the water treatment plant where advanced water treatment is provided.
As the effects of climate change become more and more evident, European countries have begun designing national strategies and implementing their respective national adaptation plans, with priority in the sectors of health, agriculture, water resources and sea level rise. As experience of the potential for adaptation to climate change grows, the difficulties of institutionalizing climate change adaptation are recognized.
Physical processes, manmade interventions, miss planed coastal works and climate change have augmented costal erosion along the Corinthian Gulf and have given rise to numerous erosion-related problems in the area.
Our freshwater resources are limited and face increasing pressures from climate variability, pollution, population growth, and competition from many uses. As water management operations are growing in importance and complexity, challenges regarding regulatory compliance, risk management, cost optimization and sustainability of water services foster the need and demand for application of innovative water resources management solutions.
Crete is the largest Greek island and the second biggest (after Cyprus) of the East Mediterranean. It comprises mixed and complex water supply systems that combine surface waters (water dams, reservoirs and springs) and groundwater (wells, spring water tapping). The island, which has to rely on its own water resources, is characterized by the lowest rates of annual precipitation in Greece.
Seawater desalination technologies have evolved rapidly along with increasing water demands. Yet, the evolution of seawater desalination is threatened by the emerging issues of marine pollution, which are exacerbated by the unsustainable expansion of desalination itself. Unsustainable environmental activity in the coastal environment erodes the resource base on which desalination, and most of the so-called blue economy, depends. Therefore, resource-efficient, low-impact seawater desalination is a pressing need.